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Flag of the 6th Kansas Cavalry, showing a Newtonia battle honor
Flag of the 6th Kansas Cavalry, showing a Newtonia battle honor

The First Battle of Newtonia was fought on September 30, 1862, near Newtonia, Missouri, during the American Civil War. Confederate colonel Douglas H. Cooper's soldiers clashed with Union brigadier general Frederick C. Salomon's column. Cooper's force consisted mostly of cavalry including a brigade of Native Americans. Union colonel Edward Lynde's force was driven out of Newtonia during the morning. Both sides brought up reinforcements, and seesaw fighting took place during the afternoon. Shortly before nightfall, the Confederates made an all-out attack, causing Salomon to withdraw. Union militia covered the retreat, although Confederate artillery fire turned it into a disorderly rout. Union casualties were approximately 245, against Confederate losses of 78. Union brigadier general James G. Blunt's whole division advanced towards Newtonia in early October, and Cooper abandoned Missouri. A portion of the battlefield was listed in 2004 as the First Battle of Newtonia Historic District. (Full article...)

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Jamie Proctor's scissor-kick goal
Jamie Proctor's scissor-kick goal

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September 30: Orange Shirt Day in Canada

Władysław Sikorski
Władysław Sikorski
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Hurricane Gustav
Hurricane Gustav

The 1990 Atlantic hurricane season featured the most named storms of any hurricane season at the time. During the 1990 season, 14 tropical cyclones in the Atlantic Ocean became named storms. The season officially started on June 1, 1990, and ended on November 30. However, storm formation is possible at any time of the year, as was the case in this season, when Tropical Depression One formed on May 24; Hurricane Nana, the season's final storm, dissipated on October 21. The season produced 16 tropical depressions, of which 14 intensified into tropical storms, 8 became hurricanes, and 1 became a major hurricane. Although the season had the highest number of named storms at the time, it featured only two notable storms, primarily because many of the tropical cyclones remained either weak or at sea. The two most significant storms of the season, in terms of damage and loss of life, were Hurricane Diana and Tropical Storm Marco. The strongest tropical cyclone of the season was Hurricane Gustav (pictured). (Full list...)

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Plate 6 of Ignace-Gaston Pardies's celestial atlas

Ignace-Gaston Pardies (1636–1673) was a French Catholic priest and scientist. His celestial atlas, entitled Globi coelestis in tabulas planas redacti descriptio, comprised six charts of the night sky and was first published in 1674. The atlas uses a gnomonic projection so that the plates make up a cube of the celestial sphere. The constellation figures are drawn from Uranometria, but were carefully reworked and adapted to a broader view of the sky. This is the sixth plate from a 1693 edition of Pardies's atlas, featuring constellations from the southern sky including Pavo, Indus and Apus. An index of constellations is provided in the left and right margins, in Latin and French, respectively.

Map credit: Ignace-Gaston Pardies

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